THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATIONN IN DECISION MAKING ON PRODUTIVITY - A CASE STUDY OF PAINT LIMITED, ETINAN
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
One prime objective of every business organization is economics production. This includes high productivity and adequate profit.
Infect it is rare to see one that will dust to break even of operating at a loss. This achievement of this objective depends to a large extent on the effort and contribution of the manager and sub-ordinates in the organization. Many of the managerial policies and decision are aimed at this end.
This especially found in the personal policies since they are the plan and strategies for getting the sub-ordinates to accomplish the objective, purpose and mission of the organization.
In many case, these plan and policies involved implicit and explicit assumptions about the intrinsic (psychological) principles at work in production that could make worker to increase their productivity. Indeed, these managerial plan and policies for high productivity should be practical application of managerial initiatives as involving employees in decision making in the organization, as asserted by Travis (1977).
The essence of company goal achievements requires that worker should be constantly and continuously motivated to put in their best.
Following this, an important management duty and most relevant of this research work is employee’s participation in decision making for higher productivity.
According to Hospers and wall (1976), “workers participation in decision making should be seen as a valued objective”.
This is based on the assumption that worker are the pivot on which any organization revolves. The success or failure, growth or slump, of any firm depends heavily on the effective involvement of the worker in decision affecting them and their work place. Apparently this will serves as a motivating factor which subsequently induces performance.
Every manager realizes that his organization’s set goal and objectives cannot be achieved, if the workers do not performed as much as is expected and this why there is much concentration on the concept of motivation which according to Appleby (1981), is concerned with including to the best of their ability.
There is therefore need in the light of forgoing for building motivating factor as involving workers in decision making in order to make them put in their best, so that the organization will achieve its objective among which is higher productivity. In recent times, there has been an increasing call for a solution for workers to change their attitudes to worked and to increase productivity which significantly seems to be decreasing, this has led to series of seminars, workshops, conferences, television debates and write ups in newspapers and magazines, all in quest for the motivating factor that will spur workers to increase their productivity.
This arises from recent observation that there has been incessant decline in productivity in most Nigerian business organization both, private and public which is seen as a consequence of the worker’s attitude to work by some scholars and many eminent citizens. It is therefore against this background that this research is aimed at addressing the impact of employee’s participation in decision making on productivity.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study looked into the motivational practices with particular emphasis on participative management and its effect on productivity in organization with peacock paint limited, Etinan as a case study.
The study also analyzed the numerous employees variable that affect the delivery of the company’s objectives such as job attitudes, absenteeism, motivation, labour turnover, national income and profit and suggested possible solution to such problems.
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of employee’s participation in decision making on productivity of peacock paint limited, Etinan.
For proper examination of the impact of the impact, the following research questions were formulated:
- What is the impact of participation of workers in decision –making on productivity?
- How is this motivational practice view by employees?
- Will participation of employees in decision making make them accept change by the management?
- What are other motivators used by the management of peacock paint limited, Etinan, to induce employees to produce more?
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are outlined as follows:
- To examine the impact of participation of employees in decision making as a motivator on productivity and performance in peacock paint limited, Etinan.
- To examine how various motivators are applied by the management of peacock paint limited, Etinan.
- To find out extent of participation of employees in decision making among other motivators in the peacock paint limited, Etinan
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is obvious that organizations are set up to maximizing profit and minimize losses. For and organization to be able to achieve this objective effectively, it has to employ means of efficiency and adequately utilizing its material and human resource to maximum, an organization must see that its employees needs desires, and expectations are met both economically, socially, and psychologically. That is the worker must be motivated. As such the study will be of significance to:
- The management of peacock paint limited, Etinan in particular and Nigerian companies in general as a guild in choosing what motivators use on their worker based on employees’ preference.
- It will serves as a guild to government agencies especially the ministry of labour management policies and strategic that will enhance to promote employees management cordial relationship.
- It will benefit the academic because it will give them sense of direction and purpose and as a reference to student who will research on the same line either in peacock paint or other Nigeria firms.
- Finally, the research hopes that will enrich their knowledge about employee motivation particularly in business organization.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION
This study is done basically on the Nigerian environment using the employees of one company (peacock paint limited, Etinan) as a case study, the factor employed are test under Nigerian mostly, the result or findings of this study cannot be absolutely said to be representative of the disposition of all Nigerian workers since the company’s employees do not constitute an large enough representative percentage of all Nigerian employees the write was not made without any hindrances.
SAMPLE SIZE - the small size of the sample used in the explanatory of the study. The smallness of the sample and the inability of the author to obtain a cross sectional data from many respondents and organization have limited findings of the study. These may render generalization difficult
TIME FACTOR - an academic research work is a project that requires number of year of completion. This project it has a wide scope which needs a greater amount of time for a careful study but when a period of one month is given, one way doubt whether the outcome would be useful.
RELEVANT MATERIALS – the material for this research could not be adequate found, the libraries of the University of Uyo lacked adequate research materials. The textbook found in university of calabar was fully utilized for the study.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
These refer to the effect or influence that an event or situation has from someone or something.
This will refer to workers below management cadre, who take order form the management and carryout decision made by the management.
This refers to as an individual’s mental and emotional involvement in a group situation that encourages him to contribute to group goal and to share responsibility.
Motivators are thing that induce or influence individuals to put in effort towards the achievement of any goal.
V. EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION:
These refer to employees’ involvement in decisions to normally made at lower levels within the organization hierarchy.
VI. DECISION MAKING:
This is the process of thanking about a problem or idea and then making a choice or judgment.
This is the net resultant of the total company’s effort and it emerges from the use of capital, machinery and other non-human effort of the employees of the organization.