INSOMNIA: Symptom, Causes and Cure

INSOMNIA: Symptom, Causes and Cure


Insomnia is a sleeping disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It mostly affect the age and young or adult student since they are mostly face with stress in their every lives. Insomnia is the condition of unable to sleep at night due to some causes which could be medical, psychological or due to one life style, it could also increase one chance of having some serious health issues.

 People do not take it seriously when they cannot sleep at night, they don’t know its effects and how dangerous the effects could be on their health. This study is going to reveal all the major cause, symptoms and also possible treatments for insomnia.



In simple term insomnia is the condition of being unable to sleep at night. It is a sleep disorder that regularly affects millions of people worldwide.

It could occur in two ways:

  • Inability to sleep at night.
  • Or waking up in the middle of the night that is difficulty staying asleep.



There are basically three type of insomnia

  1. Transient-which occur when symptoms of insomnia lasts up to here nights.
  2. Acute- also called short-term insomnia this happens when symptoms persist for several weeks
  3. Chronic insomnia- this is the types that last for months and sometimes years.



This include people that are likely to suffer from insomnia: they include:

  1. The elderly
  2. Users of hard drugs
  3. Adolescent or young adult students
  4. Pregnant women
  5. People suffering from psychological condition
  6. People with mental disorder
  7. People who take certain medications like anti-depressant, and weight-loss products



This are those factors or things that makes one suffer from insomnia. The causes of insomnia can be divided into three:

  1. Psychological causes- this has to do with the mind and the way in which it works, it includes:

- Depression: a medical condition in which a person feels sad and anxious (feeling worried or nervous)

-Stress: pressure or worry caused by the problems in ones life

- Bipolar and psychotic disorder

- over active mind.

2) Lifestyle causes: this has to do with the way live our daily lives, the activities we do daily, it could include:

a) Drinking excess confine like Nescafe

b)  Over heating a room, that is sleeping in a very hot room

c)   Lack of exercise: eating too much during dinner

d)   Sedentary lifestyle that is when you spend a lot of time seating down and not moving around.

e)   Substance or drug abuse

f)   Using media technology in the room: several studies in adults and children have show that an exposu8re to light from television and smart phones prior to going to sleep can affect natural melation level and lead to increased time to sleep, that is it extend  the  time you supposed to sleep and studies has also show that backlit from computers and smartphone can sleep patterns.

3) Medical causes: prescription drugs such as anti-depressant, chronic pain, low break pain medication and weight loss products etc. in addition, the American association of retried person, said the following meds can cause insomnia, they include: SSRI anti-depressant, glucose amine, alpha blockers, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors.



 This are the signs one may have in his or her body that shows the person is possibly suffering from insomnia. They could include;

-Difficulty falling asleep at night

-Walking up in the middle of night-Walking up earlier than desired

-Feeling tired after a night sleep

-Daytime sleepiness or fatigue

-Depression or anxiety

-Poor concentration and focus

-Tension, the feeling of anxiety and stress that makes it possible to relax

-Headaches- feels like a tight band around the head

-Poor relation capacity

-Nausea- the feeling you have when you want to vomit

-Frequent urination

-Mood swings- increase errors and accident in daily life. This can be traced back to poor concentration.



The Stanford center of sleep science and medical, recommends that insomnia should have lasted for more than one months, and should impact negatively on ones or the patients wellbeing either through causing distress or disturbing mood or performance before taking any treatment. Secondly or in addition, since majority of chronic insomnia are as a result of side effects from another primary problem or from certain medications. It is best treated when the primary cause is identified and treated or the medication is changed or stopped.

Apart from this, there are three major ways to treat insomnia:

  1. Medical approach: By taking prescribed drugs like sleeping pills, anti-depressant, ramelteon, melatonin, sleep aids, antihistamines.
  2. Non-pharmacological approach: This could include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), one-on-one counseling session, or group therapy.
  3. Home remedies approach: This could be done in varieties of ways like
  • Using relaxation techniques e.g. medication and muscular relaxation.
  • Avoid watching TC.
  • Avoid worrying in bed.
  • Set an alarm for the same time every morning.
  • Have long day time naps.
  • Avoid caffeine at night.
  • Avoid going to bed hungry.
  • Ensure a comfortable sleeping environment.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Exercise daily.


  • The educational broadcasting audience my programme is meant for are men and women in rural communities: I choose this category of audience because they are not very exposed to health issues and insomnia basically affects aged people who mostly live in rural communities.
  • The teaching method I used is lecture method: I used this method because my target audience are not very educated, so going into details would make it complex for them and this might create lack of interest. So I presented the main facts and did less in-depth explanation.